Feed industry development present situation
After decades of development, China's feed industry won a leapfrog development.In our country since 1991 to become the second largest feed producer, after the us feed production since 2012 has been seven years in a row in the world first, was a real feed the world's largest producer.But in recent years, China's feed production growth started to decline.
Back feed production growth in 2012-2015 and 2016 growth began to rise.In 2016 China's feed production of 2016 tons, up 3.8%;In 2017, China's feed production reached 2017 tons, feed production fell slightly.
Output of 95.51 million tons of pig feed in China in 2017, up 9.45% from a year earlier.Egg feed production 29.61 million tons, fell 1.45% year on year;58.36 million tons of meat and poultry feed production, fell 2.92% year on year;Aquatic feed production 20.54 million tons, up 6.45%;Ruminant feed production 9.27 million tons, up 5.37% from a year earlier.
Yield despite China's feed industry has been for many years in the world, industrial achievement is huge, but China's feed industry big but not strong, big and not optimal situation has not eased.At present, the direct use of 40% a year - 50% of raw grain, energy conversion, such as corn, 230 million tons of feed.Corn as energy feed, although there are alternatives, but replacement ratio is limited.Current stage, the corn supply exceeds demand, but in the long run, affected by the consumption structure upgrade and corn processing and so on demand, supply and demand situation is still tight.
In recent years, our country vigorously promote LiangGai feeding, encourage to keep constant, breeding, to promote the adjustment of planting structure of grain.But look from the current feed raw materials supply structure, as soybean protein feed, import dependency is still high.In April 2018, for example, influenced by the us-china trade maccha, imported soybean prices fluctuate, supply changes in our country, the larger influence on feed industry.
From 2010 to 2017, China's feed processing industry sales tended to increase, but growth is gradually decline, industry scale, growth, development ability is insufficient.Enterprises above designated size in 2017 in the feed processing industry sales income of RMB 1.108 trillion, fell 5.2% year on year, while total feed production fell 2.0% year on year.In general, the feed industry in our country do at the same time also to do best and stronger.
With the acceleration of domestic farming scale process, from small retail investors downstream increase of concentration of the animal husbandry and aquaculture to scale, further concentrated feed industry consolidation is inevitable phenomenon.In recent years, shuffling accelerated significantly.Although the capacity utilization rate of less than 50% in the enterprises, but there is still a giant feed in 2017 enterprises in the expansion.
After years of development, China's feed industry CR10 has more than 35%.At the end of 2015, the national feed processing enterprise number 6772, 2011 compared with 2011.In 2015, our annual output of 500000 tons of feed enterprises achieve 51, feed production accounted for above 60% of the total national output.Annual output of 1 million tons of 32, distribution region in guangdong, shandong, accounts for over 50% of the total feed production.
Much starker choices-and graver consequences-in planning according to the country, to the Chinese feed companies reduce to more than 3000, 2020, 1 million tons of production capacity of enterprises increased to 60, about 60% of the national feed capacity, industry concentration.